Wednesday, December 15, 2010


In Singapore English the verb keep has the meaning of ‘to put away’ — as was obviously intended in the excerpt above.

In Standard English, however, keep describes a state and not an action; and, as noted by Adam Brown in his excellent Singapore English in a Nutshell, it is very often synonymous with possess, remain or retain.


wong said...

Hi Ludwig, I was your NIE student. I wanted to ask you some English questions but your email was not in use. How can I contact you?

Wai Theng

Ludwig Tan said...

Hi, Wai Theng

I've sent you a message -- if you haven't received it, do post again. Thanks!


Anonymous said...


I have a message for the webmaster/admin here at

May I use part of the information from your post right above if I give a backlink back to your site?


Ludwig Tan said...
This comment has been removed by the author.